Tutoring Systems (ITSs)
xPST - Extensible Problem-Specific Tutor
xPST - This open source intelligent tutoring system has been developed with NSF SBIR funding that is intended to enable teachers and faculty (or anyone) to create intelligent tutors on exinting software websites or for software for which you have the source code. More detail coming soon. Google Code site: http://code.google.com/p/xpst/
An ITS is a artificial-intelligence
based method of learning that's much better than traditional
e-learning or simulations. Learn more in this 3-minute
would I need an ITS?
you spend too much time and money training customers
or support technicians how to use a complicated software
system, an ITS would help.
have been shown to be much more effective than traditional
training (see references below):
faster than traditional training for the same level
better learning in the same time
haven't I heard of an ITS before?
have historically been expensive to build and maintain,
but they have used very successfully in military flight
simulators and more recently in teaching
math. Clearsighted's technology makes the development
of an ITS much easier.
the pedagogical theory behind an ITS?
fall in the "problem-based learning" or
"learning by doing" category. The ITS gives
you a series of tasks to accomplish using the tool
that you're trying to learn. As you work, the ITS
tracks your learning and gives you personalized guidance
when you make mistakes. Gradually, the tutor fades
into the background as you master the material. Some
might also call this "cognitive apprenticeship."
A. T. & Anderson, J. R. (1990). The effect of
feedback control on learning to program with the
Lisp Tutor. In Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual
Conference of the Cognitive Science Society,
796-803, Cambridge, MA.
A. T. & Anderson, J. R. (1992). The LISP intelligent
tutoring system: Research in skill acquisition.
In J. Larkin, R. Chabay, C. Scheftic (Eds.), Computer
Assisted Instruction and Intelligent Tutoring Systems:
Establishing Communication and Collaboration.
Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
K. R., Anderson, J. R.., Hadley, W. H.., & Mark,
M. A. (1997). Intelligent tutoring goes to school
in the big city. International Journal of Artificial
Intelligence in Education, 8, 30-43.
T (1999). Authoring intelligent tutoring systems:
An analysis of the state of the art. International
Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education,
T., Blessing, S., Ainsworth, S. (Eds.) (2003). Authoring
tools for advanced technology educational software.
Kluwer Academic Publishers.
work is supported in part by the National Science
Foundation under Grant No. DMI-0441679. Any opinions,
findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed
in this work are those of Clearsighted and do not
necessarily reflect the views of the National Science